Multiple Scoliosis and Cannabis

Multiple Scoliosis (MS) is a disease that currently affects around 2.3 million people worldwide according to the National Multiple Sclerosis Society. The disease occurs when a person’s immune system attacks their protective myelin sheath covering the nerves. Resulting in a disruption of communication between one’s brain and the rest of the body. The long-term Sid effects from these attacks are that the nerves can deteriorate to a point where a person cannot stand or even walk.  While this is more common in those with Severe MS other symptoms can result in a person becoming very weak, experience pain, have vision problems, bladder issues, and can cause cognitive issues mostly related to learning or memory.  Currently there is no cure for the disease, but there are treatments that can help speed up recovery after the body is affected by it.

Often the treatments are done through either injections or taken orally depending on the severity of symptoms. Yet while these treatments do help people there are plenty of relatively common side effects that accompany each kind of treatment. Due to some oral medications neutralizing anti-bodies it can lead to a person to have higher risk of more common infections. It is also common for people when receiving injections to have flu-like symptoms when they take the full dosage. Thus to help reduce the chance of these symptoms people will often receive a reduced amount of the injection, but then must have injections frequently. It is also common that with injections people will experience irritation around the injection area that will persist even when the flu-symptoms go away. It is also not uncommon that several other mediations are commonly prescribed along with MS medication, which are antidepressants, as well as medications for erectile dysfunction, constipation, and sleep aids. With the amount of symptoms there has been a demand for drugs that will have less averse effects, with Cannabis as one of those leading the pact.

Since medical cannabis legalization is now in over 20 states research on the benefits of cannabis is starting to grow especially for MS. It was found in a study published in Neurology that it can help to relieve muscle stiffness, certain types of pain, muscle spasms and overactive balder issues. Unlike the other traditional medications many of the side effects are averted. One report carried out in 2013 found that more than two fold improved improvements in body pain, spasm, and sleep quality over the placebo control group. It was also found in Israel’s Tel Aviv University in 2011 that the Chemical CBD found in Cannabis prevented immune cells from attacking the nerve cells in the spinal cord in mice with MS. This resulted in far less inflammation in the spinal cord by those treated compared to those which had not received the CBD from cannabis. These have only been recently found results due to heavy restrictions in countries on cannabis limited the ability for research to be conducted. Yet with its growing popularity in medical use it can be expected that even more valuable uses for it will be uncovered.

Sources:

http://norml.org/library/item/multiple-sclerosis

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/267161.php

http://thechart.blogs.cnn.com/2014/04/29/treating-brain-diseases-with-marijuana/

http://www.neurology.org/content/82/17/1556.abstract

http://www.everydayhealth.com/multiple-sclerosis/multiple-sclerosis-medication-side-effects.aspx

http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/568050

http://www.nationalmssociety.org/

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/multiple-sclerosis/basics/definition/con-20026689